这个作业是根据案例进行危险固体废物公司运营、财务等经营状况分析

FIN 3504
FORECASTING CASE

行业
该行业具有来自政府,准政府和私营企业的高度竞争
资料来源。 EMC主要与大型国家废物管理公司,县竞争
以及维持自己的废物收集和处置业务的市政当局,以及
程度较小的区域和本地公司。近年来,该行业经历了
在全国范围内进行整合,但该地区的整合却很少。而不管
该行业竞争激烈,导致价格压力。
运营成本,处置成本和收集费在该地区的变化有限。价格
收费由当地决定,通常随体积和重量,所收集废物的类型,
处理要求,处理或处置的风险,收集的频率,到最终产品的距离
处置场所,人工成本以及提供给客户的设备的数量和类型。
竞争是激烈的,并且主要基于价格和服务质量。
该行业受到广泛且不断发展的联邦,州,省或地方政府的管辖
环境,健康,安全和运输法律法规。这些法律和
法规由EPA和其他联邦,州和当地环境进行管理,
美国的分区,运输,土地使用,健康和安全机构。这些机构定期
检查行业参与者的运营情况,以监控对法律法规的遵守情况,以及
有权强制遵守,获得禁制令或施加民事或刑事处罚
违反的情况。大量的资本支出直接或间接相关
间接涉及环境保护措施,包括遵守联邦,州,
省和地方法规。
With the acquisition, development or expansion of a waste management or disposal facility or
transfer station requires considerable time, effort, and investment to obtain or maintain required
permits and approvals. There are no assurances that companies will be able to obtain or maintain
required governmental approvals. Once obtained, operating permits are subject to renewal,
modification, suspension or revocation by the issuing agency. Compliance with current
regulations and future requirements could require companies to make significant capital and
operating expenditures. However, most of these expenditures are made in the normal course of
business.
Competition
EMC’s competition includes the following:
Republic Services, Inc. – is one of the largest hazardous solid waste companies in the United
States, providing collection, processing, recycling, and disposal services. The company owns 189
solid waste landfills, 212 transfer stations, and 79 recycling facilities. Customers include
residential, municipal, industrial, and commercial accounts. Has about 36,000 employees.
Waste Connections, Inc. – provides solid waste management services including collection,
transfer, disposal, and recycling. Its customers include commercial, industrial, and residential
customers. It operates in 41 states and Canada. It owns or operates about 300 collection
facilities, 87 active landfills, and 124 transfer stations. Has about 16,000 employees.
Waste Management – is North America’s largest provider of comprehensive waste management
environmental services. It serves residential, commercial, industrial, and municipal customers.
Owns or operates about 250 landfills, 100 material recovery facilities, and about 300 transfer
stations. It has approximately 45,000 employees.


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